The discovery of decorative pinheads, boxes, and other utensils in these materials at Surkh Dum demonstrated their use in Luristan.Spike butted axe heads are among the most characteristic Luristan arms.A central opening runs through the support and the idol.Possibly it held a branch with some leafs, in which case the image may have symbolized the tree of life flanked by animals.Humans, birds, snakes, horses, bovid and feline species, and several species of goats are the main components.Vegetal elements are mostly used in a “tree of life” capacity, as border motifs or as filler motifs in between the principal iconography.
Figure 3 shows some decorated cheek pieces that illustrate their formal development from a simple to a complicated pattern.
Since they belong to the same culture and display the same style, they should be included within the concept of Luristan bronzes (Moorey, 1991).
Horse bits are an important group of Luristan bronzes and display a wide range of decorated cheek plates.
Although Luristan bronzes are generally made of bronze, some are also bimetallic and consist of iron with cast-on bronze decorations (pins, bracelets, halberds, etc.).
Exceptionally, there are a number of decorated iron artifacts that copy the cast bronze decorations.